et al., Int. Immunopharmacol.,
Small RCT with 40 nano-curcumin patients and 40 control patients showing lower mortality with treatment. Authors conclude that nano-curcumin may be able to modulate the increased rate of inflammatory cytokines especially IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA expression and cytokine secretion in COVID-19 patients, which may improve clinical outcomes.
Valizadeh et al., 10/20/2020, Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial, Iran, Middle East, peer-reviewed, 12 authors.
risk of death, 50.0% lower, RR 0.50, p = 0.30, treatment 4 of 20 (20.0%), control 8 of 20 (40.0%).
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.